Originally posted this at Homebrewed Christianity
I got a call the other day from a college student who asked me “how would you define theology?”
I said that it can be thought of as 4 things:
- God Talk: the most basic thing it to look at the etymology (theo- logy).
- Faith Seeking Understanding: Anselm’s famous dictum is still many’s favorite.
- Unquestionable Answers: in contrast with Philosophy’s unanswerable questions. I got this funny line from one of the best little books I have ever read – John Caputo’s Philosophy and Theology
- 2nd order activity carried out by disciples within hermeneutical communities. The primary activity is the faith lived out in particular locations and within cultural contexts – theology is the secondary discipline reflecting upon the primary expression.
Now within theology it is important to acknowledge that there are distinct schools of Systematic, Historical, Philosophical and Biblical – these are recognized as the “Big 4” – and there is also my discipline of Practical Theology.
I am big fan of Grenz and Olson’s book Who Needs Theology? and the way that they conceptualize it.
I feel good about my 4 fold answer, I think it covers the basics and provides a framework to enter into the conversation.